|The National Park of Cilento
second national Park of Italy for extension (178.172 protected
hectares - D. L. n° 394 of 6.12.1991), Reserve of biosphere
Mab-Unesco, Patrimony world Unesco, center of one of the most
ancient medical schools and one of the most ancient and important
schools of thought (Elea - Parmenide and Zenone, century V
to C.), country of the Mediterranean Diet (rediscovered by
Ancel Keys, inventor of the famous Ration Kappa). Cilento
has, therefore, noble origins and a prestigious present. The
national Park of Cilento extends northward Agropoli-Castellabate,
Scario southward. Westward there are 100 Kms of coast bathed
by a clear sea that it assures the blue Flag of Europe and
the Five sails to different places like: (Castellabate, Agropoli
and Pollica). The peaks of Cilento are rich of vegetation
(they are around 2000 the floristic kinds till now individualized
and of rare faunistics kinds (wolf, wild cat, black woodpecker,
and royal eagle).
Gentilcore was the most important person of the history of
Castellabate. He was the IVth abbot of Trinità of Cava
de’ Tirreni. The 10th October 1123 he became abbot and
the same year he started to build the castle which has been
named CASTRUM ABBATIS becoming later Castellabate.
Simeone, the following abbot completed the castle and during
the years he always helped population; Castellabate became
slowly the most important domain in Cilento.
1553 the lawyer Marino Freccia bought Castellabate. After
years he sold the property to Carlo Caracciolo. Then Castellabate
was property of the Loffredo family; then of Filomarino family
which were earl of Rocca d’Aspide. 1619 Francesco Matarazzo,
son and heir of Alessandro and Tommaso Filomarino della Rocca
got permission to sell castle and further property. Following
to the sale Castellabate became property of Granito family,
which got the title of ‘marquis’ the 29th novembre
1745. The 20th July 1767, following heritage the property
passed to Angelo and then to his son Luigi. As Luigi didn’t
have children the castle and property passed to his nephew
and then to his nephew’s son Angelo (21.10.1782 –
Angelo married Paolina.Pignatelli, princess of Belmonte. Later
their son Gioacchina (02.11.1849) became prince of Belmonte
Slowly the population of Castellabate reconquested the sea.
People added then fisching to farmer activity. At the end
of XIXth century fisching was the principal source of economy.
At the mean time other activities grew in Castellabate.In
Santa Maria die Castellabate grew ship- building and preservation
and diffusion of fish on the whole national market.